The Cancer Registry record cases of cancer and other specified tumorous and precancerous diseases that occur in the state. The registry records information necessary and appropriate to conduct epidemiologic surveys of cancer and cancer-related diseases in the state. The Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH) has used the registries to increase their understanding of statewide incidence rates and conclude possible trends which they now think may be related to inherited cancers. Cancer registries are essential for halting the burden of cancer.
Complete immunization histories for children and adults in Michigan are sent to the Michigan Care Improvement Registry (MCIR). Providers are required by state law to report childhood immunizations within 72 hours of administration. The reporting of adult immunizations is also highly encouraged. Health care organizations, schools, and the general public benefit from the consolidations of immunization information. MCIR provides health care providers with up-to-date patient immunization history, which can help reduce vaccine-preventable diseases and over-vaccination. MCIR also assists in pandemic flu preparedness based on vaccines and medication information in the registry.
Immunization Query allows healthcare providers the ability to look at MCIR information directly from their electronic medical/health record (EMR) system. This connection eliminates the need to navigate to the MCIR website separately and log in, therefore more quickly informing the provider of critical immunization information.
Before leaving the hospital or birthing center, a newborn child will have a series of screening tests implemented. These tests will check if the child has any inherited disorders by pricking their heel, perform a hearing test that checks the child’s response to sound, and measure the level of oxygen in the newborn’s blood with a skin test which expresses whether or not they have a congenital heart defect. Without the newborn screening, serious medical conditions that are not apparent at birth could very easily go unnoticed, possibly resulting in lifelong health complications or death. In present day, every state now uses newborn screening to detect at least 29 potential disorders.
A systematic assembly that continuously analyzes and interprets health-related data which is used for organizing, applying and evaluating public health practice. This can be very beneficial for detecting and responding to unusual outbreaks resulting from a variety of health threats and emergencies. Institutions like Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organizations (WHO), have now created databases that are able to track and monitor emerging outbreaks of illnesses due to the assistance of syndromic surveillance. Currently, only hospitals and urgent care sites are able to attest for this measure.
Electronic Laboratory Reporting (ELR) is the automated communication of necessary laboratory reports from laboratories to the public health department. The benefits of ELR include improved timeliness of reports, reduction of manual errors, and to more complete reports due to improved timeliness.